Three great composers shaped the epoch of classical music in a way we know it today. They were Ludwig van Beethoven, Joseph Haydn, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. After all, classical music is not just a musical genre, but also an epoch of music history and culture. The three geniuses of the genre have set the bar high for many of their successors. They are all connected to the city of Vienna, as a result, the exact name for this epoch is therefore unsurprisingly Viennese Classic.
The Shining Three
Beethoven, Haydn, and Mozart were also formative because they created new forms of instrumental music. These became the basis of the composing of the 19th and 20th centuries. These were string quartets, symphonies, piano sonatas, instrumental concerts, and other forms of chamber music. Astonishingly, the three great composers were also personally connected. Beethoven was a student of Haydn, who in turn was friends with Mozart and even then considered him to be the greatest composer in history. They also share a joint-life achievement. Their works helped their contemporaries to equate instrumental music with vocal music. Up until then, church music and opera were considered more important. Now at least the symphonies, piano sonatas, and quartets have been recognized as equivalent. We still believe their music as classics today. The name comes from the fact that we perform numerous works by the three great masters to this day.
A Clear Structure And Conciseness Of The Language
Before Beethoven, Haydn and Mozart, this was not common in this form. Exceptions at that time were the oratorios by Georg Friedrich Handel, the piano music by Johann Sebastian Bach and the reform operas by Christoph Willibald Gluck. The works of the three stars of classical music achieved long-term importance in music history. We call them and their work also classic because they combine a clear structure and conciseness of the musical language. The foundations of what we know today as the life of a musician originated in the time of Beethoven, Haydn, and Mozart. Public concerts against admission, the dissemination of the works through the printed sheet music, and the discussion of the performances in the media have become an integral part of the music world since then. At that time, a condensed musical public emerged. That had not existed before, or only partially.
First Connection Between Art and Commerce
The drivers of this development were the aristocracy and the economically prosperous bourgeoisie. They promoted the arts and thus contributed to their increased dissemination. The great interest in music down to the lowest levels of the population made the city of Vienna an ideal breeding ground for art. The three composers combined the demands on skill perfectly with popularity. The best example of this was Beethoven’s third period. A fourth artist was also committed to this period of Viennese Classicism. People do not directly count the Viennese Franz Schubert among the Viennese classical music. Still, his music also moved between the poles of the highest inspiration and high intensity of expression. His works served the Romantics as a crucial source of inspiration.